The beginner's guide to
selling on Amazon

A few things to consider before you start selling

Intro

Welcome to selling on Amazon

It’s no secret: At Amazon, we obsess over customers. And our customers want a trusted destination where they can purchase a wide variety of goods—which is what makes sellers like you so important. We’re always looking for ways to add value for our customers and be Earth’s most customer-centric company. As an Amazon seller, you take part in offering those customers better selection, better prices, and a top-notch customer experience.
300 million active customers in more than 180 countries
195 million monthly unique visitors (in the U.S. alone)
$1.5 billion reported sales by third-party businesses during Prime Day 2018

Don't have an Amazon seller account yet?

The Amazon edge

When you start selling on Amazon, you become part of a retail destination that’s home to sellers of all kinds, from Fortune 500 organizations to artisan vendors who make handcrafted goods. They all sell here for a reason: to reach the hundreds of millions of customers who visit Amazon to shop.
  • Third-party sales on Amazon are growing at 52% a year (compared to 25% for first-party sales by Amazon)
Is Amazon right for your business?
The short answer is: yes. The largest household brands sell on Amazon. So do emerging brands that will pop on your radar soon. Small and medium-sized businesses thrive here, and they account for more than half the units sold in our stores worldwide. Whatever your business is—and whatever size it is—we’re excited for you to grow with us. Find your fit and start selling today.

Before you start selling

How to register

With two selling plans (they’re called Individual and Professional, but you can think of them as standard and premium), Amazon offers you the flexibility to sell one item or sell thousands. Before you begin registration, decide which plan is a better fit for your business.

The Individual plan costs $0.99 per sale, while sellers using the Professional plan pay $39.99 per month, no matter how many items they sell. If you sell more than 40 items a month, the Professional option makes a lot of sense. Whichever plan you select, don’t worry about making the wrong choice—you can change plans at any time.
The Individual plan might be right if:
  • You plan to sell fewer than 40 items a month
  • You want to keep up-front costs low
  • You don’t need advanced selling tools or add-on programs
  • You’re still deciding what to sell
The Professional plan might be right if:
  • You plan to sell more than 40 items a month
  • You want access to advanced selling tools
  • You’d like to apply for add-on programs like Amazon Business, Launchpad, or Handmade
  • You’re an established ecommerce seller

What you’ll need to get started

In order to complete your registration, make sure you have access to your bank account number and bank routing number, a chargeable credit card, government issued national ID, tax information, and phone number.
Tools for brand owners
If you own a brand, Amazon offers tools to help you build, grow, and protect it. Enrolling in Brand Registry can help you personalize your brand and product pages, protect your trademarks and intellectual property, and improve the brand experience for customers—along with unlocking additional advertising options and recommendations on improving traffic and conversion.

How much does it cost to sell on Amazon?

There are a few different types of selling fees you might pay, depending on your selling plan and the types of products you sell.
Subscription fees
These are the fees you pay for your selling plan, and they vary depending on which plan you select.
  • On the Professional selling plan there’s a flat fee of $39.99 per month and no per-item fee.
  • On the Individual selling plan there’s a $0.99 fee for each item sold.
Selling fees
These fees are charged per item sold, and they include referral fees (which are a percentage of the selling price and vary depending on the product’s category), and variable closing fees (which apply only to media categories).
Shipping fees
When you fulfill orders yourself, Amazon shipping rates apply. We charge these shipping rates based on the product category and shipping service selected by the buyer.
FBA fees
For products that Amazon fulfills for you (known as Fulfillment by Amazon, or FBA), there are fees for order fulfillment, storage, and optional services. (More information can be found on the FBA pricing page.)
Review the fees that may be associated with your account.

Get to know Seller Central

What is Seller Central?

Once you register as an Amazon seller, you’ll have access to your Seller Central account. Think of Seller Central as your go-to resource for selling on Amazon. It’s a portal to your Amazon business and a one-stop shop for managing your selling account, adding product information, making inventory updates, managing payments, and finding helpful content to help you navigate your Amazon business. It’s also where you list all your products.

Don't have an Amazon seller account yet?

Below are a just few of the things you can do from Seller Central.

1. Keep track of your inventory and update your listings from the Inventory tab

2. Download custom business reports and bookmark templates you use often

3. Use customer metrics tools to monitor your seller performance

4. Contact Selling Partner Support and open help tickets using the Case Log

5. Keep track of your daily sales for all the products you sell on Amazon
The Amazon Seller app
Did you know you can keep track of your Amazon business even while you’re on the go? The Amazon Seller app lets you analyze your sales, fulfill orders, find products to sell, manage offers and inventory, respond to customer questions, capture and edit professional-quality product photos, and create listings—right from your mobile device. Never be more than a swipe away from your Amazon business.

How to list products

Listing your first product

To sell a product on Amazon, you must first create a product listing. Either match an existing listing (if somebody else is already selling the same product on Amazon), or create a new listing (if you are the first or only seller).

The specific way sellers upload and list their products varies depending on their selling plan. To put it simply: Sellers using a Professional seller account have the option of listing their products in large batches using bulk uploading or inventory management with third-party systems, while Individual sellers list products one at a time.

What you need to start listing products

In most cases, products must have a Global Trade Item Number (GTIN), such as a UPC, an ISBN, or an EAN. Amazon uses these product IDs to identify the exact item you’re selling. If you match a listing, you won’t need to provide a product ID since it already exists. If you’re adding a product that’s new to Amazon, you may need to purchase a UPC code or request an exemption.
In addition to a product ID, here’s some of the important information that goes into each product listing:
  • SKU
  • Product title
  • Product description and bullet points
  • Product images
  • Search terms and relevant keywords
What are restricted product categories?
It’s important that customers are able to shop with confidence on Amazon, which is why some product categories (like certain grocery or automotive products) are known as “restricted product categories.” Amazon might require performance checks, additional fees, and other qualifications in order for you to sell certain brands or list items within restricted categories. You’ll be able to request approval from within Seller Central.

Successful listing = successful launch

Following best practices for adding listings can have a big impact on their success. Make it easy for shoppers to find your offers by adding descriptive titles, clear images, and concise feature bullets to your items. Avoid these things that could negatively impact your launch:
Variation issues
Products that vary only by color, scent, or size might be a good candidate for listing as variations. Ask yourself if the customer would expect to find the products together on the same page. If not, list them separately.
Image compliance
Your images must be at least 500 x 500 pixels (increase the size to 1,000 x 1,000 for high-quality listings) and set against a plain white background. The product should fill at least 80% of the image area.
Product IDs
Make sure you’re meeting the requirements for product UPCs and GTINs (Global Trade Item Number). Consistency in these codes helps promote confidence in the range of products shown in the Amazon catalog.

The product detail page

A product detail page is where customers view a product sold on Amazon. If you’ve shopped on Amazon, you’ll probably recognize the product detail page. It’s where customers can find all the relevant information about a particular item.

When multiple sellers offer the same product, Amazon combines data from all the offers into one product detail page (so we can present customers with the best experience). You can propose product information on a product detail page, along with other sellers and manufacturers, and request detail page reviews if you think the information is not correct.

As you’re building your product detail pages, try to think about what will best help customers find your products, discover answers to their questions, and make a purchasing decision. Aim for the ultimate customer experience by making your listings concise, accurate, and easy to understand.
1. Images of the product (make sure they’re at least 500 x 500, and boost that size to 1,000 x 1,000 to increase the quality of your listings).

2. The title of the product (use 50 characters, maximum, and capitalize the first letter of every word).

3. Any variations of your product you have available, which may include things like different colors, scents, or sizes.

4. The description, which can be optimized for search engines using keywords to improve the reach of your product listings.

5. The Featured Offer, which is the section of the product page where customers can add items to their card or “Buy Now.” If you’re one of multiple sellers advertising the same product, research strategies for “winning” the Featured Offer to improve your overall sales.

6. The bullet point information, which should be short, descriptive sentences highlighting the products key features and differentiating characteristics.
Amazon Brand Registry
If you sell your products under a registered trademark, you may be eligible to enroll in Amazon Brand Registry at no extra charge. Brand Registry gives you control over product detail pages that use your brand name, and lets you add more rich media (like videos and enhanced text information) to your detail pages.

How to deliver products

Selecting the right fulfillment option

Amazon sellers have two options for getting shoppers their stuff: You can do it yourself, maintaining your own inventory and shipping products to customers (merchant-fulfillment), or have Amazon take responsibility for packaging, labeling, and shipping products through Fulfillment by Amazon (FBA). Each method has its own set of benefits—you just have to decide which one is right for your business.

If you’re fulfilling your own orders

Merchant-fulfilled just means you store and ship products directly to customers yourself. Amazon charges shipping rates based on the product category and shipping service selected by the customer, then passes the amount on to you in the form of a shipping credit.

Set shipping rates apply to all products sold with an Individual plan, so it’s important to determine if you can still price items profitably. Amazon’s Buy Shipping tool can help you get a great deal on shipping labels with Amazon’s trusted network of shipping partners, ship and confirm your orders, and track your shipments.

The benefits of Fulfillment by Amazon

Around the world, Amazon has more than 175 fulfillment centers which contain more than 150 million square feet of storage space. With FBA, you get to store your stuff on those shelves. You also get Amazon’s world-class customer service and returns, along with other advantages (like automatic Prime eligibility and Free Super Saver Shipping) that help you scale your business—fast.
Fees for using Fulfillment by Amazon (FBA)

How Fulfillment by Amazon works

1. Ship your inventory to Amazon. It will be scanned and made available for sale.
2. With each order, Amazon packages and ships the product directly to the customer.
3. Amazon collects payment from the customer and pays you available funds every two weeks.
4. Amazon’s customer service team handles questions, returns, and refunds.

You’ve made your first sale.
What’s next?

Managing your Amazon business

Your first sale is a big milestone—but it’s just the beginning of your growth opportunities selling on Amazon. Once your store is up and running, there are a few important things to keep in mind.

Performance metrics (and why they matter)

Amazon sellers operate at a high standard so we can provide a seamless, delightful shopping experience. We call it being customer-obsessed, and as an Amazon seller it means keeping an eye on these key metrics:
  • Order defect rate (a measure of a seller’s customer service standards): < 1%
  • Pre-fulfillment cancel rate (initiated by the seller before shipment): < 2.5%
  • Late shipment rate (orders that ship after the expected date): < 4%
You can keep tabs on your performance and make sure you’re meeting your targets in Seller Central.

Customer reviews

Customer product reviews are an integral part of the shopping experience on Amazon, and they benefit both customers and sellers. Make sure you’re familiar with the right way and wrong way to get more product reviews and avoid policy violations.
Seller University

Opportunities for business growth

This is only the beginning

The moment you’re selling on Amazon is the moment you can start growing your Amazon business. Once you’ve launched your business, Amazon has tools in place to help you take your business to the next level (or the next couple of levels).

Advertising

Amazon’s advertising solutions create new ways for you to reach and engage shoppers, regardless of whether they’re just starting to compare products, or ready to make a purchase. Ads show up right where customers will see them (like the first page of search results or product detail pages).

Amazon offers three advertising solutions, and all of them are accessible through Seller Central.
1. Sponsored Products
Sponsored Products are ads for individual product listings on Amazon, so they help drive product visibility (and product sales). They appear on search results pages and product detail pages.
2. Sponsored Brands
Sponsored Brands showcase your brand and product portfolio. They’re search-result ads that feature your brand logo, a custom headline, and up to three of your products.
3. Amazon Stores
Stores are custom multipage shopping destinations for individual brands that let you share your brand story and product offerings. (And you don’t need any website experience to use them.)

Promotions and coupons

Customers want to save, and promotions are an incentive to make a purchase now. There are three types of promotions: money off, free shipping, and buy one get one free. You can also offer percentage or money-off discounts with digital coupons.
FBA Export

Global expansion

Selling globally is a huge milestone for any business. It means hundreds of millions of new customers and the potential for a big boost in sales. Global expansion has a lot of moving parts, but with Amazon Global Selling, you get to use Amazon’s global infrastructure to get your products in front of a worldwide audience.

When it’s time to take your business to the next level, use Amazon Global Selling to list and sell your products on any of our online stores in North America, Europe, and Asia.

What makes a great seller?

A checklist for growth

Opportunities for growth are all around you—but here are a few things to try in your first 90 days as an Amazon seller.
Your first 90 days

Start selling today

Put your products in front of millions of customers that search Amazon.com every day.
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